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Travel Health News(24 February 2015 - 2 March 2015)

Take precautions against dengue fever when travelling abroad

Dengue fever is now endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. This includes various popular tourist destinations for Hong Kong people including the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.

Travellers planning to travel in these areas should take precautions against the disease.

Cumulative reported number of dengue cases since 01/01/2014 *

 

Cumulative reported no.
of cases since 01/01/2014

Source of information and date of report

India

36,486

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, India, 31 December 2014

Vietnam

31,848

World Health Organization, 10 February 2015


Cumulative reported number of dengue cases since 01/01/2015 *

 

Cumulative reported no.
of cases since 01/01/2015

Source of information and date of report

Australia

244

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Brazil

67,006

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Cambodia

174

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Guangdong

Taiwan

6

120

Department of Health of Guangdong Province, 15 February 2015
CDC, ROC (Taiwan), 27 February 2015

Japan

26

National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japan, 24 February 2015

Lao PDR

53

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Malaysia

18,351

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Mexico

5,655

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Philippines

3,575

World Health Organization, 24 February 2015

Singapore

1,570

Singapore National Environment Agency, 26 February 2015

Sri Lanka

8,918

Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka, 26 February 2015

Thailand

3,286

Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, 24 February 2015

Remark:
* Dengue reporting systems vary by country.

Travellers should stay vigilant against dengue fever and adopt the following personal preventive measures against mosquito bite:

* Always wear loose, light-coloured long-sleeved tops and trousers;
* Stay in air-conditioned residence or places with mosquito screens;
* If mosquito screen or air-conditioning is absent, aerosol insecticide and bed nets are advised;
* Use insect repellents containing DEET on exposed skin and clothing;
* Use insect repellents containing DEET apart from applying sunscreen while staying in beaches;
* Re-apply insect repellents according to instructions during the trip;
* Carry a portable bed nets and apply permethrin on it as well as to clothes if travelling to rural areas where dengue fever is prevalent.

Travellers returning from areas where dengue fever is prevalent should seek medical advice as soon as possible if they feel unwell and provide travel details to their doctors.

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (March 1) closely monitoring two additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Guangdong notified by the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province (GDHFPC), and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel. According to the GDHFPC, two male patients aged 36 (in Foshan) and 45 (in Dongguan) were hospitalised for treatment in stable condition.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 2 March 2015)

 

Liberia: Pertussis

More than 500 children in Maryland County in southern Liberia have contracted pertussis.

(Source: ProMED-mail 1 March 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

 The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH)is today (February 28) closely monitoring two additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) in the Mainland, and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel. According to the Health and Family Planning Commission of Anhui Province, a male patient and a female patient, both aged 58 with poultry exposure before onset, were hospitalised for management. They were in critical condition.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 28 February 2015)

 

Nigeria: Lassa Fever

As of 20 February 2015, Federal Ministry of Health of Nigeria reported 19 cases including 1 fatal case of Lassa fever.

(Source: ProMED-mail 28 February 2015)

 

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome [Update]

 The Department of Health (DH) is today (February 27) closely monitoring four additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including one death, reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), and hence called on the public to stay alert and maintain good personal, food and environmental hygiene during travel. In addition, four previously confirmed patients died. To date, 1 030 laboratory-confirmed MERS cases have been reported to the WHO globally, including at least 381 deaths.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 27 February 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (February 27) closely monitoring an additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Guangdong notified by the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province (GDHFPC), and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel. According to the GDHFPC, a male patient aged 80 in Shantou was hospitalised for treatment in critical condition.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 27 February 2015)

 

Guinea: Ebola virus disease [Update]

Guinea has reported a cumulative total of 3,190 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 2,113 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 27 February 2015)

 

Liberia: Ebola virus disease [Update]

The total number of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in Liberia is 9,265 including 4,057 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 27 February 2015)

 

Sierra Leone: Ebola virus disease [Update]

Sierra Leone has reported a cumulative total of 11,370 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 3,490 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 27 February 2015)

 

Algeria: Influenza

Three people died following complications from seasonal influenza on 21 February 2015 in Algeria.

(Source: ProMED-mail 27 February 2015)

 

Myanmar: Avian Influenza, poultry

An outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza was reported on 26 February 2015 in Sagaing Region of Myanmar. Thousands of poultry has been destroyed in order to control the outbreak.

(Source: ProMED-mail 26 February 2015)

 

Canada: Measles [Update]

In Canada, 8 new cases of measles were reported during 8 February to 14 February 2015, 5 cases in Ontario and 3 cases in Quebec respectively. A total of 27 cases of measles have been reported in Canada for 2015.

(Source: Public Health Agency of Canada 25 February 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (February 26) closely monitoring an additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Guangdong notified by the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province (GDHFPC), and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel. According to the GDHFPC, a male patient aged 78 in Zhaoqing was hospitalised for treatment in serious condition.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 26 February 2015)

 

Hungary: Avian Influenza, poultry

On 23 February 2015, a suspected outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza was reported in Bekes County of Hungary and 21 170 fattening ducks were affected.

(Source: ProMED-mail 26 February 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (February 25) closely monitoring three additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) in the Mainland, and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel. According to the notification of the Health and Family Planning Commission (HFPC) of Guangdong Province, the male patient aged 59 in Zhaoqing was hospitalised for management in critical condition. In addition, according to the HFPC of Anhui Province, the two male patients aged 48 and 75 with poultry exposure before onset were hospitalised for management. Both were in critical condition.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 25 February 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (February 25) closely monitoring two additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Guangdong notified by the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province (GDHFPC), and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel. According to the GDHFPC, a male patient aged 3 in Heyuan and a female patient aged 18 in Foshan were hospitalised for treatment, and are in a stable and critical condition respectively.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 25 February 2015)

 

Australia: Ross River Virus

An outbreak of Ross River fever was confirmed in south part of Australia and 1000 people have already been infected since the start of 2015. Heavy rain is being blamed for an upsurge in the mosquito population.

(Source: ProMED-mail 25 February 2015)

 

Germany: Measles

The number of measles infections was increasing in Berlin, Germany and it was related to unvaccinated refugees and cases from overseas. Berlin has recorded 347 measles cases since the start of 2015.

(Source: ProMED-mail 22 February 2015)

 

Egypt: Avian Influenza, human

Egyptian health authorities have reported an additional case of H5N1 avian influenza. A 32-year-old woman from northern province of Dakahlia died of the disease.

(Source: ProMED-mail 24 February 2015)

 

India: Influenza

According to Health Ministry of India, some 14484 people have been affected by influenza A (H1N1) across the nation as of 22 February and more than 800 people have died of the disease.

(Source: ProMED-mail 24 February 2015)

 

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome [Update]

Between 8 and 19 February 2015, the IHR National Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 43 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection, including 14 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 23 February 2015)

 

Taiwan: Norovirus Infection  

A suspected norovirus outbreak was reported in Taichung of Taiwan. Tourists from a resort in Wuling developed symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea and fever and around 120 people have sought medical consultation within two days. Control measures were implemented and investigation was ongoing.

(Source: Health Bureau of Taichung City Government 23 February 2015)

 

 

Last revision date: 2 March 2015